Six Important Rights that Each Kenyan Citizen has


The rights of every Kenyan citizen are contained in Chapter Four of the Constitution of Kenya on  Bill of Rights. Bill of Right is a guideline that is used to develop policies that recognise and protect human rights. Most of these rights and fundamental freedoms are borrowed from the United Nation’s Universal Declarations of Human Rights which Kenya is a signatory to. The Constitution allows every citizen to enjoy the rights and freedoms embedded in Chapter Four without any form of discrimination whether language, sex, religion, political, birth or any other status as long as that enjoyment does not interfere with the rights and freedoms of other people. Here are top five rights that the Constitution accords each Kenyan citizen:

       1. Right to Life

The Constitution has placed the task of protecting the existence of human beings in the state. As a Kenya citizen, you are not allowed to take away the life of any other human being or even your own life because doing so amounts to a criminal offence. Persons who survive after attempting to take away their lives are taken to court judged. The Constitution allows for the life of an unborn child to be taken only when a qualified health practitioner advises so when the life of the mother is in danger and needs to be saved.  

  1. Right to access Economic and Social Services

Every Kenyan citizen has the right to access quality social and economic services such as health, housing, sanitation services, clean, safe water and food in adequate quantities. It is this right that prohibits denial of medical services to Kenyan citizens in the event of an emergency whether during day or night time in any kind of hospital facility. Further, through this right, the Constitution accords every citizen, old or young, including any child who is a citizen of Kenya the right to access quality education. Under this right, the government is compelled to provide appropriate social security (money given to people who are ill or too old to work) in order to support themselves and their dependents.

  1. Right to enjoy one’s language and culture

Nobody chooses which community to belong to or which language the community one is born it should speak. The Constitution, therefore, accords every Kenyan the right to enjoy their language and culture even as it appreciates the existence of different languages that different communities living in Kenya speak.  This right also gives people a chance to form, join and maintain cultural and linguistic associations or groups but only with good intentions.

  1. Right to a clean, healthy environment

Every person wants to live in an environment that is free from pollution and destruction. The purpose of this right is to protect the environment for the sake of the present and future generations. The government ought to develop and enforce legislations that ensure that every person enjoys a clean and healthy environment.

  1. Right to fair labour practices

Every employee, whether permanent or temporary, wants to be treated well and to feel valued by the employer.  To keep this dream alive, this right protects Kenyan workers from unfair treatment by ensuring that employers are providing fair pay and reasonable working conditions for the employees.

  1. Right to vote

Every Kenyan who has attained 18 years and is of sound mind has a right to vote. Through voting, Kenyans exercise their sovereign power to democratically decide who leads them. Kenyans are required by law to identify themselves using an identity card or passport. It is the right of every Kenyan to be issued with such identification documents as well. As a Kenyan, you have the right to belong to a political party of your choice and you can vote for the candidate you want as long as they appear in the ballot box without being intimidated.



  1. Chuma 15 January, 2017 at 10:34 Reply

    This is true we have rights to clean environment but the government is not Making laws to curb the problem of plastics bags and also the Gabbage disposal within the highways and in the estates lies gabbages

    • Paul 17 January, 2017 at 16:48 Reply

      True. But i think we still have a responsibility of ensuring cleanliness. I hope the government bans the paper bags soon though because they are nuisance especially in sewage systems

  2. Gwara 16 January, 2017 at 00:22 Reply

    This is true we have rights to clean environment but the government is not Making laws to curb the problem of plastics bags and also the Gabbage disposal within the highways and in the estates lies gabbages

  3. Caro 22 January, 2017 at 14:53 Reply

    What is the government doing to curb this because the poor are not the one who destroys the environment. The forest is being destroyed by the rich through logging

  4. Erin 4 February, 2017 at 03:03 Reply

    While we are told to enjoy ones language and why when somebody refers to you using your language it become a hate speech.

  5. Jeff 23 February, 2017 at 22:31 Reply

    True. How many people though in kenya know their rights? Like the right to economic and social services is being violated.

  6. Paul 28 February, 2017 at 00:00 Reply

    Rome was not build in a day. Thats why civic education is being undertaken in varous ways. People need to know their rights first then efforts to be made through petitions and such to ensure that we enjoy these rights

  7. Fridah 2 March, 2017 at 11:23 Reply

    Are there repurcusions to violating these rights. Like the article has pointed out. The violation of right to life is being taken to court.

  8. Atang'a 2 May, 2017 at 19:23 Reply

    I really dont know. It would be awesome if they do. Just imagine the number of pupils who finish their KCSE and KCPE. That would be alot of knowledgable kenyans!!

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