7 Steps that Characterize the Procedure of Voting in Kenya


As a registered voter , you have the right to participate in an election and vote for your preferred candidate(s). In 2017 Kenya voting process, you get to vote for six candidates namely the president and his running, governor and his running mate, member of national assembly, women representative, senator, and member of county assembly. On election day, the voting process is conducted in a very systematic way. It is therefore important that you be aware of the steps involved in order to prepare mentally. Here are 7 steps that you will go through on election day:

Step 1: Present yourself at a Polling Station

On election day, you are required to present yourself physically, between 6am and 5pm, in the polling station where you registered as a voter. Ensure that you carry the identification document that you used to register. This could be an original identification card (ID) or a valid passport. You need to have this for the election clerks to verify your identity.

Step 2: Verify Voter Information

Once it is your chance to vote, produce the identification document you used to register and hand it over to the election clerk. The clerk will verify your biometric details using a computer system known as Kenya Integrated Elections Management System (KIEMS). To do this, you will be asked to place your finger on the KIEMS kit. In the event that you cannot be identified using biometrics i.e. fingerprints, you will be required to fill FORM 32A to allow for identification using ID or passport number.

Step 3: Receive 6 Stamped Ballot Papers

After your voter information has been verified, the next election clerk will give you 6 stamped ballot papers, one for each elective position i.e. president, governor, senator, women representative, member of national assembly and member of county assembly. The clerk will then direct you to a voting booth.

Step 4: Mark the Ballot Papers

In the booth, you will mark the ballot paper for each elective post based on your prefered candidate in secret. If you are you are an assisted voter, you will be accompanied by a person of your choice, who should be 18 years of age or above. The person will be required to sign an oath of secrecy of the ballot. Unaccompanied assisted voters will be helped by  the presiding officer stationed at the polling station in the presence of party agents.

Step 5: Cast your Vote

After marking the ballot papers, fold and cast each paper in labelled ballot boxes. There will be 6 ballot boxes a table and you will cast one ballot paper in each box. Ensure that you cast the ballot papers in their corresponding ballot boxes i.e. put the president’s ballot paper in the ballot box labelled ‘president’, the governor’s ballot paper in the ballot box labelled ‘governor’ and so on. The color of the ballot papers will match that of the ballot box lids to make it easy.

Step 6: Get Indelible Ink Mark

Once you have cast your ballot papers in their respective ballot boxes, you will walk to the exit. At the exit door, you will meet a third clerk who will put a mark on your left small finger  with indelible ink. This is is a measure to avoid multiple voting.

Step 7: Leave the Polling Station

You will then leave the polling station to allow other citizens to vote. After voting, you will not be allowed to hang around the station. You will need to leave and follow the proceedings from your home.




  1. Nancy 15 July, 2017 at 18:04 Reply

    This is very educative. What will happen when a person goes to the polling station where they did not register to vote? Would he or she be told which polling station to go to?

    • Florence Maina 16 July, 2017 at 08:31 Reply

      Your details are specific to your polling station. Therefore, it would be difficult to be directed to your polling station. However, IEBC has provided an SMS code (70000) that you can use to check your status, your polling centre and your polling station (stream) prior to the election day.

  2. Aziz 16 July, 2017 at 07:09 Reply

    Kwa hivyo we need to confirm ballot papers zimepigwa stamp? Na mtu akipewa ka hazijastampiwa na asahau kuconfirm, na apige kura tu hivyo. Nini itafanyika?

  3. Muchiri 18 July, 2017 at 10:09 Reply

    Thanks for sharing this information. You also need to write about how to mark a ballot paper, there are many first time voters out here who don’t know how to mark the ballot paper or even how it looks like. Thanks!

  4. Kibe 23 July, 2017 at 10:53 Reply

    A very informative piece here. Six ballot papers are quite a bunch. Am wondering how my grandmother in the village will be able to tell which ballot paper goes to which box. You talked about corresponding colors on ballot papers and ballot box lids – could you tell us or even show us the six colors?

  5. Dennis Machora 25 July, 2017 at 11:35 Reply

    Now! This worries me a lot. I recently lost my ID Card. Will I be allowed to vote since am a registered voter? I really don’t want to miss out in the exercise during the general election date.

  6. Titus 25 July, 2017 at 14:54 Reply

    Oh! I thought one can just place a ballot paper in any ballot box. I once experienced this during the party primaries. People could place ballot papers in any of the ballot boxes. The Presiding officer explained that the papers would be sorted during tallying and those found in the wrong ballot boxes would be placed where they belong. Is this a norm or this will change during the general elections?

  7. Florence 26 July, 2017 at 12:16 Reply

    How many I.E.B.C officials should I expect in the polling station? Someone once told me that the place is usually crowded. Maybe just to ask. Are they easy to be identified?

  8. Obed 30 July, 2017 at 10:07 Reply

    From the clips, I have watched concerning the voting process, voting starts at 6am and ends at 5pm. Sasa najiuliza na wale watu wamebaki kwa laini after 5pm. Would they be denied to vote yet they are supposed to exercise their rights? Nisaidieni hapo.

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