What are the Functions of a National Assembly?


National assembly is the legislative arm of the national government where persons elected to represent the people at  sub-county level sit. During campaigns, aspirants seeking to be elected as Members of National Assembly make all kinds of promises to citizens. While some of those promises might be in line with their constitutional mandate, often times they are not. What are the main functions of the National Assembly according to the law?

  1. Making National Laws

The National assembly is responsible for debating and passing bills which upon assent by the President, become county laws. These laws may emanate from the executive, the members themselves or from private members. The law requires that citizens be involved in the process of making national laws.

  1. Exercising Oversight

Members of the National Assembly exercise oversight over the executive, which is the national government arm responsible for implementing national laws and plans. They are expected to scrutinize financial, administration and management by public resources at national level and ensure there is accountability and transparency in national expenditure and service delivery. They are also expected to review the conduct of state and public officers at national government.

  1. Representing the People

Members of the National Assembly represent the people living in their sub-counties in decisions that are made in the national assembly. They are the voice of their constituents in debates that take place in the assembly. As such, they are expected to present the needs or grievances of their constituents in the national assembly so that they can be integrated in laws, budgets or plans that are either passed or approved by the national assembly.

  1. Approval of National Budgets and Plans

The National Assembly is mandated by the constitution to review and approve the national budget and plans as well as reports prepared by the national government. Members of the National Assembly are therefore expected to review, debate and approve national budgets and plans including measures that the executive at national proposes to raise revenue.



  1. Peter 3 October, 2017 at 08:15 Reply

    After the supreme court ruling, I feel as if some of these members of the National Assembly are taking advantage of their legislative role to come up with laws that suit them. Is there a limitation to that role?

  2. Shadrack 8 December, 2017 at 08:46 Reply

    I previously thought that our MPs duties was to make laws and represent the people, i am now aware of other duties that they ought to be held accountable for.

  3. Vokeh 5 September, 2018 at 21:26 Reply

    I am interested in that point on representation. I have been following parliament proceedings for a while na kusema ukweli mp wetu sijaskii akisema something suggesting anaturepresent. Sitamtaja lakini itabidi nitafute njia ya kumwambia achangamke bana!

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