Everyone Should Be Aware of these 12 Values in the Constitution


Values can be defined as important beliefs or ideals shared by a community. They are a reflection of what a society stands for. In Kenya, our shared ideals or beliefs and an embodiment of what we stand for are contained in Article 10 of our constitution.

The values contained in this article give us a collective identity and are key in our pursuit of economic, social and political dreams. Here are the top 10 values and principles that bind all state organs, state officers, public officers and Kenya citizens at large:

  1. Patriotism

Being patriotic is about loving our country and to remaining loyal and dedicated to it. This value calls upon all Kenyans to love the country and demonstrate this love on a day to day basis.

2. National unity

This value has to do with citizens working together in pursuit of common goals. It involves promoting unity, cohesion, togetherness, brotherhood, success, and growth of the country.

3. Social Justice

As a value, this has to do with fairness in distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society. Social justice is about ensuring equal access to freedoms, rights, and opportunities, as well as taking care of the least advantaged members of society including the elderly, women, People Living with Disability, the youth and the marginalized and minority communities.

4.  Public Participation

This value involves ensuring that the voice of citizens is heard during decision making. It is a value that breathes life the sovereign power given to the people in Article 1 of the constitution. As such, citizens should have a say in public budgeting, law making, planning among others.  

5. Equity

This is the quality of being neutral, unbiased, reasonable and fair in all decisions and actions. It means that when dealing with citizens in various situations, whether on employment matters, education, or provision government services, there is effort to ensure that we do not only deal with each individual fairly, but that we also do not give undue advantage to other people because of favouritism, we know them or because they come from our ethnic community or village/town among other similar considerations.

6. Integrity

This is an important value that has to do with being honest and truthful in our actions, activities, dealings, and relationships. It underpins chapter six of the constitution where public leaders are expected to conduct themselves and undertake public service  with honour and honesty.

7. Good governance

As a value, good governance has everything to do with managing public resources  efficiently and effectively in order to guarantee the realisation of human rights and social welfare for all citizens.

8. Transparency

Transparency has everything to do with being open in the management of public affairs for purposes of building public trust and confidence. It also involves  being ready and willing to allow scrutiny of  public activities either by citizens or other independent institutions.

9. Accountability

This is a critical value in any democracy because it places an obligation on persons or authorities tasked with management of public affairs to be answerable to citizens for the decisions they make and the actions they take. Persons who are entrusted with public resources are to report on

the management of such resources and be answerable to the public.

10. Inclusiveness

This has to do with involving and engaging every individual in deciding about developmental and governance matters that affect them. Inclusiveness also entails ensuring that citizen involvement happens in a manner that makes people feel valued, appreciated, and essential to the success of a group, organization or society.



11. Respect for Human Rights

This involves recognizing and respecting basic rights and privileges that all human beings are inherently born with. They are not given by anyone, and must be respected by both government as well as citizens. These rights apply to all human beings irrespective of their nationality, place of residence, sex, ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. Examples of universally acceptable human rights include right to life, equality, and freedom from discrimination, human dignity, right to fair trial, right to freedom and security, prohibition to torture among others.

12. Sustainable Development

This value behooves us to be mindful of future generations in our actions and decisions. It requires that as citizens pursue their day to day needs, their decisions and actions should not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs.




  1. Naomi 24 August, 2017 at 10:17 Reply

    I doubt some of us often observe some of these values. Especially our leaders: if they pocessed most of these values then our country would definitely be a better place.

    • Florence Maina 24 August, 2017 at 11:03 Reply

      Very true Naomi but remember, our leaders are a reflection of who we are. Change begins with you and I

  2. AbdiDuba 27 August, 2017 at 18:03 Reply

    Gava hawatambui hio story ya sustainable development ukicheki vile wanakopa kopa pesa. Naskia ati kila mtoi anazaliwa na deni kwa kichwa siku hizi.

    • Florence Maina 28 August, 2017 at 09:33 Reply

      It is quite unfortunate AbdiDuba but you have the right to hold the government to account on such issues of governance as a Kenyan citizen

  3. Greg 31 August, 2017 at 07:07 Reply

    Yeah. We dont really observe them but what can we do?that should be the question to all of us instead of complaining kuhusu our leaders

  4. Christopher 2 September, 2017 at 08:06 Reply

    I think some of the values are being practiced. Patriotism, public particopation in part and equity especially in county funding allocation

    • Florence Maina 7 September, 2017 at 08:51 Reply

      I hope it is your sense of patriotism that makes you shiver. Spread the good nature of observing national values to fellow citizens.

  5. Mheshimiwa 8 December, 2017 at 08:23 Reply

    Are all these values engraved in our constitution? Am proud to say that i exhibit quite a number, Incoming future leader!

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