6 Elements to Make Public Participation in CIDP Development Meaningful


During the preparation of the County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP), public participation has to be organized in a way that allows the public to contribute meaningful to the decisions at hand. Citizens are supposed to give input with regard to issues they want to see their county government prioritize over a 5-year period.

Photo: Public Notice by Nairobi County Government, Inviting public for consultations on the preparation of CIDP.

For all this to happen, certain aspects of the public participation should be well defined including:

 1. The Selection of Participants

The County may rely on self-selection to identify members of the public to participate in the CIDP making process. However, they can put specific measures in place in order to ensure representation from various demographics and geographic units. Examples of these two categories are marginalized/minority groups and wards/sub-counties respectively. This process may therefore require a delegation system where selection is from the village level all the way up to sub-county levels.

 2. Provision of Background Information

For citizens to participate meaningfully in the planning process, the County Executive should provide information that allows citizens to prepare adequately. Such information could include past performance of the county, state of public service in the county, estimated costs for major projects, proposals of possible options to meet expected development within the County, and data on the inequalities of the county.

  3. Moderation of Public Sessions

The County Government should have people with knowledge of the budgetary and planning process to moderate public planning sessions. Such people should be able to facilitate discussions from both the public and the government in the process of participation. They should also make sure everyone is participating, including members of marginalized and minority groups. Facilitators should also be able to moderate discussions around the issues that are most important to citizens.

  4. Utilization of physical and alternative platforms

Public participation may be stimulated through physical and non-physical forums. An example of alternative platforms is an online poll on the county websites on priority sectors for the next five years or text messaging platforms that citizens can give suggestions for priority sectors and their reasons. Written submissions and memoranda can also be physically presented to the County Government.

 5. Clear method of adopting CIDP

The process through which decisions leading to the adoption of the CIDP should be clear. For instance, was it by voting or consensus, or was it through any other way. The method used should be clearly stated and explained.

 6. Documentation of public participation process

Minutes, proposals and decisions made during public participation forums should be properly documented by an agile rapporteur. Justifications given during the process should also be recorded . Notes that can easily be used as reference during and after the public participation process should be taken. These can be published as an annexure to the CIDP that is approved in the end.



  1. Gracia Makena 16 February, 2018 at 10:37 Reply

    Public participation forums were just advertised for next week in my county Nakuru, really looking forward to attending the one in my area.

  2. Gracia Makena 9 April, 2018 at 14:50 Reply

    I attended the public participation forum in my ward for the first time as planned and it was really exciting observing the whole thing. I will be attending more of such

  3. Patooo 19 April, 2018 at 11:37 Reply

    If county priorities are set during the CIDP process, then we citizens should prepare and attend public forums so we can tell county officers the real issues we want addressed. If we don’t do that, I think the priorities that the county sets may end up not being what we want

  4. Tracy Kemboi 19 April, 2018 at 11:45 Reply

    Very important information here, I didn’t know citizens should participate in this process. When are counties expected undertake this process – wud like to participate

    • Peter Rono 27 April, 2018 at 12:59 Reply

      CIDP is expected to be reviewed after every 5 years and to be submitted to county assembly for approving by December of the last year of the 5 year period. County priorities keep on changes as the county aims at achieving the set targets of Vision 2030.

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