How to Analyze a County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP)
The County Integrated Development Plan – CIDP is 5 year plan developed by County governments to guide county investments. According to the law, public funds should not be apportioned contrary to the planning frameworks that exist in the county. The CIDP informs the preparation of the annual development plan, the county fiscal strategy paper and ultimately, the annual budget estimates.
As a citizen, you need to be able to read and analyze the CIDP so that you can participate meaningfully during its preparation, validation and approval stages. Here are 9 things you need to pay attention to when analysing your county’s CIDP:
- Review of Previous CIDP and Implications of the Current One
Challenges and successes that experienced with the previous CIDP need to be highlighted in the new CIDP. This will help ensure improvements in county performance with every CIDP that is prepared. Citizens should check whether targets set for the past five years were achieved. If not, the new CIDP should provide reasons why they were not attained. Ongoing projects from the previous CIDP should also be included. Projects that had been proposed but were not implemented need to be includes as well and reasons for their non-implementation given. The new CIDP should indicate the challenges experienced by the county in implementing the previous CIDP and indicate how those challenges will be tackled. The CIDP should highlight achievements made during the past 5 years and explain how the county will continue to build up on those achievements over the next 5 years.
- A Clear, Realistic Development Strategy
A development strategy for the next 5 years should be provided in the form of a clear theory of change. Prioritized sectors ought to be outlined in the CIDP with indications of how the scarce resources available will be utilized to deliver on those priorities. Most importantly, the CIDP should indicate how the prioritized sectors will propel development in the county. A strategy with priorities for every sector and how they interplay in achieving development should also be included.
- Programmes and Projects to be Implemented
Programmes are long-term objectives to be achieved through county spending. County annual budgets are programme based and are informed by County plans. Therefore, your county’s CIDP should provide programme level details to enable expenditure tracking of estimates contained in the annual budget. Information on flagship or transformative projects that have been proposed to support the development agenda being advanced by the county should be provided. Details on the estimated operational costs, status, source of funding and the phasing of projects across the five years should also be captured.
- Areas of Collaboration with other Stakeholders
The CIDP should provide for ways of collaborating with the National Government where the county needs to deliver on functions that are constitutionally mandated to the national government. This means that the development agenda of a county should be aligned to national government plans. Linkage with other counties in the region should also be mentioned since some of challenges faced by the county can be resolved among neighbours. A scope of what can be implemented by various partners such as non-state actors should also feature in the CIDP.
- Clear and Realistic Revenue Mobilization Strategy
Your county’s CIDP should have a clear strategy of mobilizing revenue, including existing sources and realistic projections of how much can be raised. New revenue sources that the county hopes to explore should also be outlined in the plan. Information on returns from county investments and borrowed funds should need to be provided bearing in mind that borrowing has to be guaranteed by the national government and approved by county assemblies and parliament. Where a county hopes to mobilize revenue through debt to fund development, there should be a debt management strategy in the CIDP.
- Deliberate Steps for Equitable Resource Distribution
There should be clear information on the least developed areas within the county and deliberate measures of reducing inequalities provided. Programmes and projects to be implemented in order to develop those areas should be included. For recurrent and capital expenditure, a plan on equitable distribution of resources should be availed. Also, there should be a provision to ensure services provided in the most developed regions of the county are sustained.
- Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Framework
Being a 5 year plan, the CIDP should have a framework for implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Timeframes, baselines, targets, indicators that are clear for different programmes and major projects should be included in the framework. Those responsible for implementing projects and programmes including government departments, development partners and other institutions should be defined in the CIDP.
- Public Justification for Advanced Projects
Justifications for decisions made in during the CIDP development process should be adequate and based on accessible, accurate and verifiable data. This information should be included in the CIPD as annexes or included in the CIDP within main text or in a publicly available separate documents. Data on the prioritization process and follow up of the strategy is crucial.
- Evidence of Meaningful Public Participation
A report on citizen’s input during preparation of the CIDP and how the government used that input during development of the plan should be provided. If any input citizen inputs were rejected, a clear reason for the rejection should be given.